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Maha Kassappattera Bojjhanga – Factors of Enlightenment pertaining to Maha Kassappattera

Thus have I heard:- On one occasion the Blessed One was dwelling at Veluwana Maha Viharaya, Kalandaka Nivapa near Rajagaha Nuwara. At that time Venerable Maha Kassapa Thera who was living in the Pippili rock cave was afflicted with a disease, was suffering therefrom and was gravely ill.

 One day the Blessed One, arising from religious attainments, visited the Venerable Kassapa Thera and sat down on the seat prepared for Him. The Blessed One who was seated thus addressed Maha Kassapa Thera.”Well Kassapa, How are you getting on? Are you enduring the suffering?”  Maha Kassapa Thera replied the Blessed One, “No Venerable Sir, I find it extremely difficult to endure the suffering. The pain is terrible. There is no sign of the pain decreasing. It is gradually increasing.”

The Enlightened One said, “O Kassapa, Sapta Bojjhanga – seven attributes or requisites for attaining Buddha hood are well expounded by me. I have well developed them. They are conducive to perfect understanding and to full realization of the four Noble Truths and Nibbana.

What are the seven attributes or requisites for attaining Nibbana?

O1.  Kassapa, Sati Bojjhanga – the factor of enlightenment of mindfulness has been well expounded by me. I have well practiced and fully developed it. It is conducive to perfect understanding and to full realization of the four Noble Truths and Nibbana.

02.   Dhamma Vijaya Bojjhanga – the factor of Enlightenment of Investigation has been well expounded by me. I have well practiced and fully developed it. It is conducive to perfect understanding and to full realization of the four Noble Truths and Nibbana.

03.  Viriya Bojjhanga – the factor of Enlightenment of Effort or persevering effort has been well expounded by me. I have well practiced and fully developed it. It is conducive to perfect understanding and to full realization of the four Noble Truths and Nibbana.

04. Preethi Bojjhanga -– the factor of Enlightenment of Joy, rapture -the feeling of extreme pleasure and happiness has been well expounded by me. I have well practiced and fully developed it. It is conducive to perfect understanding and to full realization of the four Noble Truths and Nibbana.

05.  Passadi Bojjhanga –the factor of Enlightenment of mental tranquility has been well expounded by me. I have well practiced and fully developed it. It is conducive to perfect understanding and to full realization of the four Noble Truths and Nibbana.

06.  Samadhi Bojjhanga - the factor of Enlightenment of contended meditation has been well expounded by me. I have well practiced and fully developed it. It is conducive to perfect understanding and to full realization of the four Noble Truths and Nibbana.

07.  Upekkha Bojjhanga -- the factor of Enlightenment of impassiveness, stoicism has been well expounded by me. I have well practiced and fully developed it. It is conducive to perfect understanding and to full realization of the four Noble Truths and Nibbana.

Thereupon Venerable Kassapa Maha Thera told the Blessed One “Certainly Sir, these are exactly attributes or requisites for attaining Nibbana.” Kassapa Maha Thera who was pleased and gratified approved the utterances of the Blessed One.

Venerable Kassapa Maha Thera was recovered from the illness and the disease in him disappeared never to suffer again.

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