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Part 11

Part 11


- Maha Kassapa Thera Bojjhanga- Factors of Enlightenment


- Maha Moggallana Thera Bojjhanga -Factors of Enlightenment


- Maha Cunda Thera Bojjhanga- Factors of Enlightenment


- Discourse on Girimananda Thera - Girimananda Sutta


- Discourse on Isigiri – Isigiri Sutta


Additional Suttas


01. Setting in motion the Wheel of Truth – Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta

02. The Great Assembly – Maha Samaya Sutta

03. The discourse to Alavaka – Alavaka Sutta

04. The discourse to farmer Kasibharadvaja - Kasibharadvaja

05. The discourse on down fall – Parabhava Sutta

06. The discourse to Aggika Bharadvaja – Vasala Sutta

07. The discourse on the analysis of the Truth –Saccavibhanga Sutta

08. The discourse on Atanatiya – Atanatiya Sutta

 

 

Part 11


After expounding the exceedingly clear Suttas to dispel the fears of celestial beings Bjjangas or seven requisites for attaining the supreme knowledge of a Buddha or factors of Enlightenment were expounded to cure the ills of   Maha Kassapa Thera, Maha Moggalyana Thera and the Enlightened One – the Buddha.

Maha Kassapa Thera, Maha Moggalyana Thera and the Blessed One fell ill after inhaling   the air polluted by a tree bloomed at the foot of Gijukula rock. Bojjanga or the factors of Enlightenment possess the power and efficacy to heel not only the mental ailments of human beings such as craving, lust and ignorance but also their physical illnesses.

 Maha Kassapa Thera once fell ill and was living in Pippili rock cave at Rajagaha Nuwara. One evening the Blessed One visited Pippili rock cave and enquired about the health of Maha Kassapa Thera who was living there. The Blessed One preached Satta Bojjanga Dhamma- the seven factors of Enlightenment or the Supreme knowledge of the Buddha. Maha Kassapa Thera who listened to Satta Bojjanga recovered from that affliction. Maha Kassapa Thera who was following the path to Final Emancipation was glad at heart, approved the utterances of the Blessed One. He was physically well. The affliction of Maha Kassapa Thera disappeared like a drop of water on a Lotus leaf.

   On another occasion The Blessed One visited Maha Moggalyana Thera who was afflicted with a disease and expounded Bojjhanga Dhamma – the Factors of Enlightenment. Maha Moggalyana Thera who was pleased with the utterances of the Blessed One recovered from the affliction.

On yet another occasion the Blessed One was afflicted with a disease while He was residing at Veluwanaramaya. Venerable Cunda Maha Thera paid homage to Him and expounded Satta Bojjhanga Dhamma – the seven factors of Supreme knowledge and the affliction of the Blessed One disappeared.Bojjhanga Dhamma is efficacious in the relief of pain and recovery from illnesses. Bojjahanga means the Buddha’s attributes or requisites for attaining Buddha ship. Bodhi is Buddha- knowledge or the perfect knowledge which must be acquired for the attainment of Buddha hood. Bojjhangas are the qualities of the performer of religious meditation to attain Nibbana.

Bojjhangas are:-


*Sati – Mindfulness

*Dhamma Vijaya – Investigation of Dhamma or religious truth.

*Viriya – Effort or persevering effort to realize Nibbana

*Preethi – Joy- the rapture- the feeling of extreme pleasure and happiness

*Passadi – Mental tranquility

*Samadhi- Concentrated Meditation

*Upekkha – Impassiveness, stoicism

  1. Sati Bojjhanga is mindfulness, intellect or the ability to think which is possessed by the noble disciple of Buddha who has entered the path of Nibbana.
  2.  Dhammavijaya Bojjhanga is the wisdom, mind, intellect or the faculty of clear perfection.
  3.  Viriya Bojjhanga is the persevering effort relating both to mind and body.
  4.  Preethi Bojjhanga is the feeling of extreme pleasure and happiness enjoyed by those who have entered the path of Nibbana
  5. Passadi Bojjhanga is the mental tranquility developed by those who have entered the path of Nibbana.
  6.  Samadhi Bojjhanga is the concentrated meditation developed by those who have entered the path of Nibbana.
  7. Upekkha Bojjhanga is the ability to face different situations with indifference and in a stoical state.

(Sapta Bojjanga Dhamma- The seven qualities of a performer of religious meditation take two forms-i.e. Mundane and Super – mundane)

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