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Mettanisansa Sutta –Discourse on the merits of Loving -kindness

On one occasion the Blessed One was dwelling at Jethavana in Anathapindika’s monastery .The Blessed One was contemplating on the infernal world Yama. He fore-saw an incident like this: - “When I deliver Aggikkandopama Sutta- Discourse on the great mass of fire while travelling in the state of Kosala sixty monks will attain sanctity. Sixty monks will vomit hot blood. Sixty others will disrobe.”

Those Bhikkhus who wished to go forth for the benefit of the people were asked to do so. The Enlightened One Himself went from village to village followed by a retinue of Bhikkhus. Having seen a huge tree with a hollow on fire He discoursed the Aggikkhandopama Sutta. Thereupon sixty monks vomited hot blood; sixty monks disrobed and sixty others attained sanctity.

This discourse was beneficial to three sections of Bhikkhus. There is no wander that it was beneficial to those who attained Arahantship. What are the benefits gained by the others? The Enlightened One predicted that the Bhikkhus who vomited hot blood and those who disrobed too were to be benefitted. They would have been born in the hell having accumulated sin by being heedless if they did not have the chance to listen to Aggikkhandopama Sutta. Buddha predicted that those who listen to this discourse would meditate at various levels from novitiate to ten moral precepts would attain Sowan- (the first stage or path leading to Nibbana), Sakurdagami (the second stage or path leading to Nibbana), Anagami,( the third stage or path leading to Nibbana). Others those who have not heard this discourse would fall into Sanghadisesa (the second class of sins which are legislated for in the code of the priest-hood) and into Parajika (unpardonable sins committed by a Buddhist monk.)

The irreligious monks who were regardless of religious duties thought that this Buddhist dispensation is admirable and marvelous. ”We entered the Order in a bid to subdue passions and not to accumulate them. We cannot observe religious rites to subdue passions during our lifetime. It is not proper for us to accept alms from devotees. So let us observe precepts as lay devotees and overcome sufferings”.  Some of them attained Sowan – the first of the four stages or paths leading to Nirvana. Some others were born in the celestial world. Thus this discourse was beneficial to all of them. Bhikkhus who came to know of this discourse disrobed in groups of twenties, sixties and hundreds.

The Enlightened One after going from village to village preaching Dhamma came back to Devram Vehera and spent a fortnight in His fragrant chamber with the pleasure of accomplishment. After that He enquired Ananda Maha Thera the reason why Devram Vehera was empty that day in spite of the fact that the place had always been thronged by Bhikkhus making the whole atmosphere saffron coloured

Ananda Maha Thera told the Blessed one thus: “Venerable Sir, from the time when you preached Aggikkhandopama Sutta many Bhikkhus disrobed having being disappointed that they are unable to perform the religious rites. They were of opinion that they were not virtuous enough to receive alms offered by devotees seeking merit.” It occurred to the Enlightened One that it was time for Him to preach Dhamma.

The Blessed One addressed Ananda Maha Thera and pointed out that no one had appeased the disciples during the time He was reposing with the pleasure of accomplishment.” There are many ways of gaining comfort and consolation in the manner as there are numerous ferries to cross a river.”

The Blessed One requested Ananda Maha Thera to arrange a seat in the court yard of the fragrant chamber and to assemble the monks. Ananda Maha Thera responded and assembled the monks after arranging a seat for the Buddha.

Making this incidence the topic for discussion the Blessed One said,

“Oh monks, one who cultivates loving kindness towards living beings during a moment equal to a snap of fingers is not unproductive in meditation. He or she who is observing religious rites and religious instructions deserves alms offered by the laymen.

The Enlightened One discoursed Accharasanghata Sutta (the discourse of snapping of fingers as signifying a short duration of time) to explain the power or the efficacy of meditation.

Thus have I heard: - On one occasion the Blessed One was living near Sravasthi at Jethavana, Anathapindika‘s monastery. He addressed the monks saying “Oh monks “and the monks answered saying “Venerable Sir,” The Blessed One said as follows:- 

“Oh monks, eleven advantages can be achieved from the Metta ceto Vimukkthi – Mind intellectually practicing loving kindness, which should be treasured in mind by living in conformity with the thoughts by putting into practice and by establishing them. Eleven advantages are:-

*The Bliss of the ability to sleep in comfort- Sukhamm supati

*The bliss of the opportunity to awake in comfort –Sukham patibujjhati

*The bliss of being free from evil dreams –na papakam supinam-passati

*The bliss to be dear to human beings –Manussanam piyo hoti

*The bliss to be dear to non- human beings- Amanussanam piyo hoti

*The Bliss of the protection from celestial beings- devata rakkhanti

* The Bliss of the protection from fire, poison and weapons –Nassa aggi va

Visam va sattham va kamati

*The Bliss of the ability to concentrate the mind instantly –Tuvatam cittam samadhiyati

*The Bliss of a bright and serene countenance –Mukhavanno vippasidati

*The Bliss of being able to have an unconfused mind at the time of death-Asammulho kalam karoti

*The Bliss of a birth in the Brahma world after death if not virtuous enough to attain Arahantship (the highest sanctity)-Uttarim, appativijjhanto brahmalokupago hoti

Oh monks these eleven advantageous  can be achieved from the  Metto ceto Vimukthi – Mind intellectually emancipated by constantly practicing loving kindness, pursued, indulged, enjoyed and continuously practiced by living in conformity with the thoughts and establishing them.
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